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Tree Description: Coffee plants have small white, fragrant, star-shaped flowers that are clustered in the leaf axils. They resemble gardenias, to which they are related. The edible fruits are small fleshy berries changing in color from green to yellow to red. Two greenish-gray seeds are covered with a thin membrane and are enclosed in a dry husk-like parchment. When only one seed develops, it is known as a pea-berry and commands a higher price. The seeds can be easily dried, roasted and ground at home. Avg. Height x Width: 6' x 4'. Season: Winter. Damage Temp: 28 - 30 F.

Scientific Name: Coffea arabica, C. robusta

Common Name: Coffee

Family: Rubiaceae

Relatives: Gardenias

Origin: Ethiopia

Distribution/History: Coffee is indigenous to Africa, with arabica coffee reportedly originating from Ethiopia and robusta from the Atlantic Coast (Kouilou region and in and around Angola) and the Great Lakes region. Today it is widely grown throughout the tropics. The bulk of the world’s coffee, however, is produced in Latin America and in particular in Brazil, which has dominated world production since 1840.

Importance: Not only can your daily cup of joe help you feel more energized, burn fat and improve physical performance, it may also lower your risk of several conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. In fact, coffee may even boost longevity.