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Tree Description: With a history dating back more than 5,000 years, olives have been and remain a fruit crop of incredible significance throughout the Mediterranean Basin. The trees are highly ornamental, with densely foliated rounded canopies and small silver/green leaves. Most olive varieties require a significant amount of cold weather to produce fruit, but the varieties we offer are subtropical and have fruited as far south as Sarasota, FL. The fruit turn from green to black when ripe and are naturally bitter. They are typically cured in a brine solution to make them more palatable. Avg. Height x Width: 25' x 25'. Varieties: Arbequina (Spanish), Frantoio (Italian), Koroneiki (Greek). Season: Late summer through fall. Damage Temp: 22F.
Scientific Name:Olea europaea
Common Name: Olive
Relatives: Wild Olive, Oleaster
Origin: Mediterranean Basin
Distribution: Olives are found primarily in the Mediterranean Basin and across the countries of the middle east and north Africa (MENA). Olives are now cultivated in India and as far east as China, Java, Australia and the Philippines. Off north Africa, olives are found in the The Canary and Réunion Islands. Spanish settlers brought olive trees to the New World. Olives are now cultivated in Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Chile and several other Central and South American countries. In the United States, olives are grown in Texas, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Arizona and California.
History: It is among the oldest known cultivated trees in the world - being grown before the written language was invented.The olive culture was spread to the early Greeks then Romans.
Importance: Olives are very high in vitamin E and other powerful antioxidants. Studies show that they are good for the heart and may protect against osteoporosis and cancer. The healthy fats in olives are extracted to produce olive oil